shade


shade
shade n 1 Shade, shadow, umbrage, umbra, penumbra, adumbration can mean the comparative darkness caused by something which intercepts rays of light.
Shade carries no implication of a darkness that has a particular form or definite limit but the term often stresses protection from the glare, heat, or other effect of the light that is cut off
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the forest, one vast mass of mingling shadeShelley

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chiaroscuro, by which light reveals [in paintings] the richness of shade and shade heightens the brightness of light— Ellis

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the trees afforded shade and shelter— Cather

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Shadow usually applies to shade which preserves something of the form of the object which intercepts the light
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it [the garden] . . . has neither arbor, nor alcove, nor other shade, except the shadow of the house— Cowper

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saw ... the shadow of some piece of pointed lace, in the Queen's shadow, yibrate on the walls— Tennyson

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the shadowless winter, when it is all shade and therefore no shadowJefferies

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In extended use shade implies darkness or obscurity; shadow, insubstantiality or unreality
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there no shade can last in that deep dawn behind the tomb— Tennyson

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'tis but the shadow of a wife you see, the name and not the thing— Shak.

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Umbrage (see also OFFENSE) applies chiefly to the shade cast by heavy foliage or trees, though sometimes it refers to the mass of trees or foliage which make for heavy shade
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branches . . : spreading their umbrage to the circumference of two hundred and seven feet— Strutt

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the thrush sings in that umbrage—L. P. Smith

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Its occasional extended use can draw meaning from either of these aspects and suggest, on the one hand, an indistinct indication, as if of something seen in deep shadow
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the least umbrage of a reflection upon this accident— North

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or, on the other, an overshadowing influence
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to compete in the umbrage of big city . . . wages and other costs he had to simplify his . . . process— J. R. Malone

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Umbra and penumbra are largely astronomical and optical terms.
Umbra applies to the perfect or complete shadow cast on the moon or the earth in an eclipse, and penumbra to the imperfect or partly illuminated shadow which often surrounds the umbra. Umbra rarely and penumbra often are used in extended senses, the former implying a complete overshadowing or eclipse, the latter denoting the marginal region or border between areas which are themselves clearly one thing or the other, or in which the exact differences between one thing or another are so obscure as not to be clearly discernible
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his memory was eclipsed in the umbra of a more compelling personality— Cobb

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physiology having rudely investigated its phenomena upon the same level as other biological processes, it [love] has been stripped of the mystical penumbra in whose shadow its transcendental value seemed real, though hid— Krutch

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the great ordinances of the Constitution do not establish and divide fields of black and white. Even the more specific of them are found to terminate in a penumbra shading gradually from one extreme to the other— Justice Holmes

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Adumbration applies to something that is so faint or obscure a figure, sketch, or outline of something which actually exists or is to come that it serves as a foreshadowing of it or a hinting at it
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the lugubrious harmony of the spot with his domestic situation was too perfect for him, impatient of effects, scenes, and adumbrationsHardy

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if the Parthenon has value, it is only as an adumbration of something higher than itself— Babbitt

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Analogous words: darkness, dimness, obscurity (see corresponding adjectives at DARK): *shelter, cover, retreat
Contrasted words: brightness, brilliancy, radiance, effulgence (see corresponding adjectives at BRIGHT): glare, glow, blaze (see under BLAZE vb)
2 ghost, spirit, specter, *apparition, phantasm, phantom, wraith, revenant
3 *blind, shutter
4 tint, *color, hue, tinge, tone
5 *gradation, nuance
Analogous words: distinction, difference (see DISSIMILARITY): *touch, suggestion, suspicion, soupçon, dash, tinge
6 *touch, suggestion, suspicion, soupçon, tinge, smack, spice, dash, vein, strain, tincture, streak
Analogous words: *trace, vestige: tint, tinge (see COLOR)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shade — (sh[=a]d), n. [OE. shade, shadewe, schadewe, AS. sceadu, scead; akin to OS. skado, D. schaduw, OHG. scato, (gen. scatewes), G. schatten, Goth. skadus, Ir. & Gael. sgath, and probably to Gr. sko tos darkness. [root]162. Cf. {Shadow}, {Shed} a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shade — is the blocking of sunlight (in particular direct sunshine) by any object, and also the shadow created by that object. It may refer to blocking of sunlight by a roof, a tree, an umbrella, a window shade or blind, curtains, or other objects. Shade …   Wikipedia

  • shade — or lamp shade [shād] n. [ME schade < OE sceadu (gen. & dat. sceadwe), akin to Goth skadus < IE base * skot , darkness, shadow > Gr skotos, darkness] 1. comparative darkness caused by a more or less opaque object cutting off rays of light …   English World dictionary

  • Shade — Shade, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shaded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shading}.] 1. To shelter or screen by intercepting the rays of light; to keep off illumination from. Milton. [1913 Webster] I went to crop the sylvan scenes, And shade our altars with their… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shade — steht für: Shade (Film), ein Thriller von Damian Nieman aus dem Jahr 2003 Shade (Kangding) (沙德乡), eine Gemeinde im Kreis Kangding in der chinesischen Provinz Sichuan Shade ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Kyra Shade (* 1973), deutsche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shade — puede referirse a dos canciones: Shade Gap, población estadounidense; Shade (canción de Silverchair); o Shade (canción de Dragon Ash). Shade o también se refiere a un personaje de historieta de DC Comics: Shade Esta página de desambigu …   Wikipedia Español

  • shade — [n1] dimness adumbration, blackness, coolness, cover, darkness, dusk, gloominess, obscuration, obscurity, penumbra, screen, semidarkness, shadiness, shadow, shadows, umbra, umbrage; concept 620 Ant. brightness, light shade [n2] blind, shield… …   New thesaurus

  • shade in — ˈshade ˌin [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they shade in he/she/it shades in present participle shading in past tense …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shade 45 — Área de radiodifusión  Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • shade — ► NOUN 1) comparative darkness and coolness caused by shelter from direct sunlight. 2) a colour, especially with regard to how light or dark it is. 3) a position of relative inferiority or obscurity: your bravery puts me in the shade. 4) a… …   English terms dictionary


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